Muay Thai kickboxing utilizes eight points of contact, which involve the hands, elbows, knees and feet. These are used to execute powerful blows and are also used for defense. In the past, Muay Thai kickboxing was just popular in Thailand and other Asian countries.
Research indicates that the Muay Thai fighting style sprang up in Indian and Chinese martial arts. Since this contact sport uses eight points of contact, it is also known as the Art of Eight Limbs. Before, the use of the head was allowed in Muay Thai fights. It’s only recently when Muay Thai turned into an internationalsport that the use of the head is no longer permitted in the fights.
You will witness a couple of grappling or clinching between fighters. This method can function as a way to defend or attack. The techniques that you have to learn are split up in to two groups, which are the Mae Mai or the major techniques and the Luk Mai or minor techniques.
You also have to keep in mind that all the techniques uses the whole body movement and turning the hip fully or partially with each kick, punch, and block. This is essentially the reason why Muay Thai sets itself apart from other fighting forms or martial arts.
In Muay Thai, you'll develop various punching techniques, like the straight punch, swing, spinning back fist, hook, upper cut, cobra punch and over head punch.
The judges score fewer points to fighters that use the punching technique. This is primarily because they are less effective than kicks and knee strikes. You'll also find that body punching is employed less in this contact sport as it reveals the head of the fighter to the knee or elbow of the opponent.
You also need to train your elbow techniques, like the elbow slash, horizontal elbow, upper cut elbow, forward elbowthrust, elbow chop, reverse horizontal elbow, spinning elbow, mid air elbow, and the double elbow chop.
The elbow does plenty damage to the opponent. Mainly utilized as a finishing move or to cut the opponent’s eyebrow to affect his or her vision, the elbow is a quite effective weapon when you are a Muay Thai fighter.
Most Muay Thai fighters mostly use kicks and you will have to develop numerous kicking techniques, like the straight kick, nutcracker kick, half spin, roundhouse kick, half knee kick, diagonal kick, jump kick, spinning hill kick, axe hill kick, down round house kick, and step up kick.
Fighters are often taught to hit with his or her shin. Though the shin is quite sensitive for the untrained person, you'll find that after building up your shin strength, it will be a powerful and devastating weapon that you will be able to use against your opponent.
Knee techniques are just as important to learn, like the straight knee strike, curving knee strike, diagonal knee strike, horizontal knee strike, knee bomb, , flying knee strike, knee slap and the step up knee strike.
The knees are quite effective particularly when clinching your opponent. When executed properly, knee strikes can end up the fight early with a KO.
As you can see, there are a lot of techniques that you need to learn in Muay Thai. These are just some of the primary offensive methods that you can use. When you develop and perfect these techniques, you will be able to step-up your chances of winning each time you are inside the ring.